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Personalpronomen


learning target


Aim of this section is to learn the personal pronouns and their use in the four cases.

personal pronoun
(as subject)

verb

personal pronoun
(as object)

I
you
he/she/it
we
you
they

know
know
knows
know
know
know

her.
her.
her.
her.
her.
her.



rules


in general

The term personal comes from word person. We use the personal pronouns to talk about a person or thing.

The term pronoun consists of the words pro (für) and noun (nomen) which means the pronouns stand for a person / thing and with their help the name of the noun can be replaced.

example: Catherine Estose Pacana is my girlfriend. She lives in Cagayan (instead of repeating the name again: Catherine Estose Pacana lives in Cagayan).


 

personal pronouns in nominative

These pronouns are used to speak about a person / thing who does something or is something. The pronoun is the subject of the sentence.

ich

du / Sie

er

sie

es

wir

ihr

sie


There are two big differences between German and English:

- In German "er/sie" (he/she) is also used to descibe dead things. Most dead things in German have a male or female gender.
- In German are two forms of "you". "Du" is used for family members, friends, children and other people who are close to the speaker. "Sie" is formal way to say you and is used for business partner, colleagues and other adults who are not close to the speaker.



personal pronouns in dative and accusative

Here you can use the same explanation like in nominative. We speak again about a person / thing but in the dative and accusative the person / thing is not acting. It is the object of the sentence.
Surely you will ask where is the difference between dative and accusative because in English there is just one case and not two. This is an own big topic and will be covered in the section "Die 4 Fälle".


personal pronouns in genitive

The personal pronouns in genitive are not used to talk about the person but about what belongs to the person / about what possesses the person.

I put the endings in brackets because in the genitive case it depends on the gender which ending you have to use. This problem will be covered in the section "Possessivpronomen".



all personal pronouns


Person
 

Numerus
 

Geschlecht
 

1.Person

Singular

-

2.Person

Singular

-

3.Person

Singular

männlich

3.Person

Singular

weiblich

3.Person

Singular

sächlich

1.Person

Plural

-

2.Person

Plural

-

3.Person

Plural

-

2.Person

Sing./Plur.

-

 

Nominativ

Deutsch

Englisch

ich

I

du

you

er

he

sie

she

es

it

wir

we

ihr

you

sie

they

Sie

you

 

Genitiv

Deutsch

Englisch

mein(e/er)

my

dein(e/er)

your

sein(e/er)

his

ihr(e/er)

her

sein(e/er)

its

unser(e)

our

euer(e)

your

ihr(e/er)

their

Ihr(e/er)

your

 

Dativ

Deutsch

Englisch

mir

me

dir

you

ihm

him

ihr

her

ihm

it

uns

us

euch

you

ihnen

them

Ihnen

you

 

Akkusativ

Deutsch

Englisch

mich

me

dich

you

ihn

him

sie

her

es

it

uns

us

euch

you

sie

them

Sie

you




 

exercises


Personalpronomen 1 (pronouns: ihn / sie / es)

 

interactive exercise

 

new vocabulary

 

Personalpronomen 2 (pronouns: du / Sie / ihr)

 

interactive exercise

 

Personalpronomen 3 (pronouns: mein / dein)

 

interactive exercise

 

Personalpronomen 4 (pronouns: sein / ihr)

 

interactive exercise

 

Personalpronomen 5 (pronouns: mir / dir / Ihnen)

 

interactive exercise

 

Personalpronomen 6 (pronouns: er / sie + mein / meine)

 

interactive exercise

 

new vocabulary

 

Personalpronomen 7 (pronouns: er / sie + dein / deine)

 

interactive exercise

 

new vocabulary

 

Personalpronomen 8 (task b + d) + (a,c = old topics)

 

homework

 

Personalpronomen 9 (task c + d) + (a,e = old topics)

 

homework

 

new vocabulary

 

Personalpronomen 10 (task a + b)

 

homework

 

new vocabulary

 

Personalpronomen 11 (task c + d) + (a,b,e = old topics)

 

homework

 

Personalpronomen 12 (all pronouns)

 

homework

 


summary - documents for your folder


Personalpronomen (theory, 3 pages)