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Steigerung der Adjektive


learning target


Aim of this topic is to express that something is better / faster / more beautiful .... than something else and
to express that something is the best / fastest / most beautiful ...

German

English

Tom ist schneller als Nelson.
Cathy ist hübscher als ihre Freundin.
Dieses Hotel ist am teuersten.

Tom is faster than Nelson.
Cathy is more beautiful than her friend.
This hotel is most expensiv.



rules


comparison of regular adjectives

positive

comparative

superlative

adjective

adjective + er

(am) + adjective + st


examples:

German

 

English

positive

comparative

superlative

positive

comparative

superlative

schnell

schneller

am schnellsten

fast

faster

fastest

neu

neuer

am neusten

new

newer

newest

langsam

langsamer

am langsamsten

slow

slower

slowest



1.) Adjectives which end with "t", "d", "s", "ss", "ß", "x" or "z" require an additional "e" before the "st" in the superlative degree.


German

 

English

positive

comparative

superlative

positive

comparative

superlative

leicht

leichter

am leichtesten

easy

easier

esiest

verrückt

verrückter

am verrücktesten

crazy

crazier

craziest

nett

netter

am nettesten

nice

nicer

nicest



2.) There is no "more or "most" for multi-syllable abjectives like in English.


German

 

English

positive

comparative

superlative

positive

comparative

superlative

bunt

bunter

am buntesten

colourful

more colourful

most colourful

bequem

bequemer

am bequemsten

comfortable

more comfortable

most comfortable

langweilig

langweiliger

am langweiligsten

boring

more boring

most boring




comparison of irregular adjectives

There are a few adjectives which don't follow any rule. They have to be learnt by heart.

German

 

English

positive

comparative

superlative

positive

comparative

superlative

bald

eher

am ehesten

soon

sooner

soonest

gern

lieber

am liebsten

gladly

more gladly

most gladly

groß

größer

am größten

big

bigger

biggest

gut

besser

am besten

good

better

best

hoch

höher

am höchsten

high

higher

highest

nah

näher

am nächsten

near

nearer

nearest

viel

mehr

am meisten

much

more

most



Besides the irregular adjectives there are adjectives which change not the whole word but a vowel.
Almost all one-syllable adjectives which contain an "a", "o" ur "u" change the "umlaut".

German

 

English

positive

comparative

superlative

positive

comparative

superlative

alt

älter

am ältesten

old

older

oldest

arm

ärmer

am ärmsten

poor

poorer

poorest

dumm

dümmer

am dümmsten

stupid

dumber

dumbest

hart

härter

am härtesten

hard

harder

hardest

jung

jünger

am jüngsten

young

younger

youngest

kalt

kälter

am kältesten

cold

colder

coldest

klug

klüger

am klügsten

celver

more clever

most clever

kurz

kürzer

am kürzesten

short

shorter

shortest

lang

länger

am längsten

longer

longer

longest

oft

öfter

am öftesten

often

more often

most often

stark

stärker

am stärksten

strong

stronger

strongest

warm

wärmer

am wärmsten

warm

warmer

warmest



adjective endings

For the adjectives in the superlative degree you have to use thesame rules
which you learnt already for the simple adjectives. Just add the ending after the "er" or "st".

A hint

Such an ending you find already in all superlative examples above: am meisten, am schnellsten ...
That means if you want to use the superlative in a sentence where you don't use "am"
then cancel "en" and add the correct ending for this case.

examples:


How do you compare?

Finally, I want you to give the little words you need to compare two things.

 

German

English

equality

... so ... wie..

... as... as...

inequality

... als...

... than...


examples for inequality:


examples for equality:


 

exercises


Steigerung der Adjektive 1

 

tom homework

 

 

Lösung

 

Steigerung der Adjektive 2

 

tom homework

 

 

Lösung

 


summary - documents for your folder


Steigerung der Adjektive (theory, 3 pages)